Ronald Reagan was born on the February the 6th 1911 in Tampico, Illinois. He studied economics and sociology in Eureka College, where he also acted in school plays. Upon graduation, he started working as a radio sports announcer. In 1937 he started his Hollywood career having appeared in 53 movies over two decades.
As president of the Screen Actors Guild, Ronald Reagan got involved in politics and his views evolved from liberal to conservative. In 1966 he became the governor of California and was re-elected in 1970. In 1980 he won the Republican Party presidential nomination and defeated Jimmy Carter in the ensuing election, thus becoming the 40th president of the United States. He took office on the January the 20th 1981.
His presidency was marked by the endeavours to stimulate the economic growth, curb the inflation, reduce the unemployment and strengthen the national defence. Ronald Reagan focused on the taxation and budget cuts, at the same time increasing the military expenditures. His policy, combined with unmatched charisma and communication skills, ensured a sweeping victory in the 1984 presidential race. Under Ronald Reagan’s two terms in the Oval Office the American economy recorded an unprecedented growth rate.
Ronald Reagan is widely credited for contributing immensely to the collapse of the Soviet Union and assisting the Central-Eastern European countries in regaining their freedom and independence. The USA imposed armament race proved deadly for the Soviet giant with an already faltering economy. Ronald Reagan actively supported the Polish people in their struggle for freedom and democracy. The US assistance took financial form – by providing material help to the Polish opposition – as well as a symbolic one – when Ronald Reagan continuously supported the “Polish cause” in his addresses. He also cooperated closely with Pope John Paul II at that time. He left the office on the January the 20th 1989, just a couple of months before the political transition in Poland. Ronald Reagan passed away on the June the 5th 2004.